How to Remove Clothing Stains

stain 2The most important thing, no matter what kind of stain you’re dealing with, is to prevent it from setting. At that point it is effectively permanent. Removing the discoloration will require removing the discolored fabric itself. Sometimes you can remove a set stain by scrubbing until the stained fibers are worn off. Other times the stain will remain in the fabric unless you physically cut the stained fabric out and put a patch in its place. To prevent having to throw away clothes with a permanent stain, follow these general rules:

  1. Treat any stain immediately with water, or with the proper solvent if it is available.
  2.  Avoid direct heat. Heat will speed most types of stains’ bonding. Do not place stained clothing near radiant heat sources, and try to only use room temperature or lukewarm solvents.
  3. Avoid pressure. Apply solvents gently, dabbing them onto the stain and letting them soak in rather than scrubbing forcefully.

If the stain occurs at home, you can go straight to treating it. If you’re out, get to a restroom and gently dab water onto the stained area with tissue paper or paper towels until the stain is thoroughly saturated. Yes, it may be more visible with water dabbed on it, but it will prevent the stain from becoming permanent, saving you clothing repair or replacement in the long run.

How to Stop Your Refrigerator from Leaking

When you see water under a refrigerator, check the front legs and/or clean the drain hole. Water (condensation actually) is supposed to run from inside the refrigerator into a drain hole, and then into a drip pan underneath, where it evaporates. If the refrigerator is completely level or tipped slightly forward, the water may not be able to flow into the drain. To get started just adjust the front legs so that the refrigerator tips back slightly. That tilt also makes the door swing closed after you turn away from the refrigerator.

 

If adjusting the legs doesn’t stop water from leaking, then you have to clear the drain hole. It might be clogged with food particles.

You can also have water problems if you keep the refrigerator in an unheated garage, porch, or basement. As heat from the motor flows across the cold exterior, it condenses and water forms, dripping onto the floor. All you need to do is put a space heater nearby, and if there’s no more water, you know condensation’s the problem. Solve the problem permanently by moving the refrigerator to a warmer place.

How to Repair a Leak Under the Sink

Your first indication of a leak is often a water-soaked cabinet or floor, or it may be a pool of water all around. If the leak is coming from a pressurized water hose, spray will probably be immediately apparent. If the leak is coming from a drain line, however, you might not notice it until you use the sink. If the problem is a faulty seal around the sink drain, you may have to fill the sink and let the water stand before the leak becomes apparent.

Fixing Water-Supply Leaks
Water in the faucet supply hoses is under pressure, so it tends to spray or actively drip from loose connections or defective pipes.  Drips are  common in shut-off valves with compression fittings that aren’t as tight as they should be. The best way to tighten them is to hold the valve with one wrench while you turn the compression nut with another. Also problematic are leaks coming from faucet connections that are difficult to tighten because they are located in cramped spaces behind the sink. They are best tightened with adjustable or locking pliers.

Fixing Drain Leaks
Leaks from a P-trap can be the result of loose connections, a blockage in the drainpipes or, in the case of a metal trap, corrosion. If the trap leaks after you’ve tightened all the compression nuts, it’s prudent to remove it and give it a good cleaning. Also clear the drain line with an auger if you suspect a blockage. If the nuts on a metal trap are hard to turn, they could be corroded and it’s probably time to replace the trap.

Fixing Other Leaks
If you can’t pinpoint the source of the leak, the sink drain is fair to suspect, which only leaks when the sink is full of water, or the faucet. If it’s the sink drain that’s leaking, unscrewing it and repacking it with plumber’s putty will usually fix the problem. Sometimes water can flow down the back of the faucet and drip underneath the sink without being visible. The procedure for fixing a leaking faucet depends on the type of faucet you have. It usually involves disassembly and replacement of one or two gaskets or washers.

Useful Water Facts

  1. Roughly 70% of an adult’s body is made up of water.
  2. At birth, water accounts for approximately 80% of an infant’s body weight.
  3. A healthy person can drink about three gallons (48 cups) of water per day.
  4. Drinking too much water too quickly can lead to water intoxication. Water intoxication occurs when water dilutes the sodium level in the bloodstream and causes an imbalance of water in the brain.
  5. Water intoxication is most likely to occur during periods of intense athletic performance.
  6. While the daily recommended amount of water is eight cups per day, not all of this water must be consumed in the liquid form. Nearly every food or drink item provides some water to the body.
  7. Soft drinks, coffee, and tea, while made up almost entirely of water, also contain caffeine. Caffeine can act as a mild diuretic, preventing water from traveling to necessary locations in the body.
  8. Pure water (solely hydrogen and oxygen atoms) has a neutral pH of 7, which is neither acidic nor basic.
  9. Water dissolves more substances than any other liquid. Wherever it travels, water carries chemicals, minerals, and nutrients with it.
  10. Somewhere between 70 and 75% of the earth’s surface is covered with water.
  11. Much more fresh water is stored under the ground in aquifers than on the earth’s surface.
  12. The earth is a closed system, similar to a terrarium, meaning that it rarely loses or gains extra matter. The same water that existed on the earth millions of years ago is still present today.
  13. The total amount of water on the earth is about 326 million cubic miles of water.
  14. Of all the water on the earth, humans can use only about 3/10s of a percent of this water. Such usable water is found in groundwater aquifers, rivers, and freshwater lakes.
  15. The United States uses about 346,000 million gallons of fresh water every day.
  16. The United States uses nearly 80% of its water for irrigation and thermoelectric power.
  17. The average person in the United States uses anywhere from 80-100 gallons of water per day. Flushing the toilet actually takes up the largest amount of this water.
  18. Approximately 85 % of U.S. residents receive their water from public water facilities. The remaining 15 percent supply their own water from private wells or other sources.
  19. By the time a person feels thirsty, his or her body has lost over 1 percent of its total water amount.
  20. The weight a person loses directly after intense physical activity is weight from water, not fat.

How to Prevent and Overflown Toilet

homeowners dread many things when comes to house troubles, but one of the worst has to be an overflowing toilet. Many toilets are designed to hold all the water in the tank without flooding over. However, this is not the case with all toilets. If you happen to be one of those unfortunate enough to have a clogged toilet, then dealing with it immediately is the only option left.

 1.Batteries for Toilets

Some government offices have control devices in place which can automatically switch off when a leak or overflow is detected. Such devices are also available for residential use. The batteries on these can last for up to three years on an average 20 flushes per day.

2.Preventative Measures

The most important guideline is to never throw any object into the toilet. This includes almost everything such as plastic wrappers, diapers, tampons, toys, soap bars, and even paper products. If a foreign object gets into your toilet it can cause clogging and lead to overflow.

3.Clean the Toilet

Regular cleaning of the toilet is essential to prevent keep disease-causing bacteria and germs away. The toilet should be scrubbed with liquid detergent and disinfectants. You can also choose to put in a dissolving disinfectant which can help disintegrate some of the waste before it passes through the drain pipes. Keeping the septic tank cleaned is also something that should be done every eight to ten years.

4.Faulty Plumbing
In some instances, faulty plumbing may be the problem. Pressure and gravity is what the toilet plumbing system functions on. If plumbing drains have not been installed at an adequate incline, the waste and water will not be able to flow away and will back up in the pipe. In case you have underground plumbing, you would need to check for tree roots that might have grown into the pipe or be hindering it in some way.
5.A Clogged Toilet
If you suspect your toilet has clogged, the worst thing that you can do is to flush it and cause the water to flow over into the bathroom. If the object causing the blockage is not visible, using a plunger might prove helpful. If these methods do not work, then professional help may be your only option.

What to do if your washing machine won’t drain

onde splashHaving a problem with your washing machine not draining?  It could possibly be from the drain hose, the lid switch or the pump.  Since the machine is filled with water, the motor must be working correctly.  If it is spinning, or runs through a cycle, then it’s not the belt.  Then the culprit may be the drain hose.  Check the drain hose and make sure it’s not crimped or kinked.  Lift up the lid to the washing machine and check out the tab that rests under the lid.  That connects to a switch on the machine, and if it’s broken, the machine will turn off and not drain.  You can fix that your self but you may want a professional to come repair it for you. If the it’s not the lid switch or the drain hose, it is likely the water pump, which will require you to hire a professional plumber.

Maintaining your yard drain

floodingYard drains help prevent flooding in your yard or basement.  It’s important to properly maintain your yard drains to keep them working correctly.  You will need to check the storage bin that is below the sewer line to see if the debris is too high.  Be careful not to drop the grate inside the drain or drop debris in the sewer line.

If you do not feel comfortable maintaining your yard drain yourself, your best bet would be to hire a plumber to take care of it for you.

How to fix a noisy hot water heater

onde splashIf your hot water heater is makes noise when it kicks in, its probably due to a build up of sediment at the bottom of the tank.  You can prevent this problem by flushing your tank properly.  It’s recommend to flush your tank every 6-12 months.

Sediment comes from loose minerals from the water, that have settled to the bottom of the tank.  That causes the water heater to work inefficiently and can cause damage if the tank overheats.  The noise comes from steam bubbles that escape the sediments.

You can flush the water heater yourself to get rid of the sediments or call a professional plumber to do it for you.

Why do I hear a banging noise coming from my pipes? 

water-49024_1280-300x225Sometimes the noises can be caused from improperly secured pipes behind the walls.  Most water pipes are made of metal, and can transmit sound waves when water is flowing through them and flows over obstructions or moves around turns.  Depending on the speed of the water, these can be rhythmic.  When it reaches a certain pitch, it will cause the pipe to vibrate and bang against a close object or structure.
The noise can also be caused from water hammer, which happens when there is high water pressure moving in one direction and does not want to stop flowing.  When the water is shut off, the water still has some force that has to be absorbed, causing the pipe to flex.  If the pipe is close to another object, it can bang against it.

How to Fix a Leaky Pipe

water-49024_1280-300x225You can easily fix a leaky pipe yourself with either epoxy putty or a pipe repair clamp.  Here’s how:

Using Epoxy putty

Turn off the main water supply and then dry the pipe with a towel.  Mix the two part epoxy putty together and apply it around the pipe.  Let the epoxy set and harden.  Test the leak by turning the water back on.

Using a pipe repair clamp

Turn off the main water supply.  Loosen the screws on the repair clamp, and place the clamp around the pipe.  Tighten the screws so the runner gasket on the clamp is on the leak. Turn the water back on to test the leak.